Many of the following surveys are designed so that data can be entered in one of two ways:
Data can be scanned into a database using the “Remark Office OMR” Forms Processing Package from Principia Products. Thus, in order to utilize those surveys, you will need to install the “ OMR Bubbles” font onto your computer. To download the font free of charge, click here and follow the instructions.
As an alternative to scanning, all of the surveys described below can be completed on the web. This saves a lot of time and money entering data from pen-and-paper surveys, as the data can instantly be compiled into an online database. If you intend to use web-based surveys rather than pen-and-paper surveys, please contact Positive Action, Inc. to discuss setting up the database for you, including fees.
Outcome Pretest/Posttest Surveys
The same basic attitude and behavior surveys are used at both pretest and posttest; the implementation surveys are used on a weekly basis and at the end of each unit; and the process surveys are used only at the end (posttest) of each year (along with the basic surveys). That is, for students, parents and teachers/staff the posttest surveys are the same as the pretest surveys, but with the addition of the process surveys for the students and teachers/staff.
The Positive Action Student Surveys assess student behaviors and skills, and also how students feel about themselves when they engage in these behaviors/skills. There are separate surveys for:
These surveys should be used by teachers to rate the behavior of each child in their class as an alternative measure of child behavior independent from self-reports. Version 3a (72 items) uses a three-point scale whereas Version 5 (80 items) uses a five-point scale and includes more negative behaviors. You would use the same scale for both pretest and posttest measurements.
The Positive Action Weekly short reports are to be completed by teachers at the end of each week. They provide a way for the Principal, the PA Coordinator and Committee, and Positive Action, Inc. staff to identify the level of implementation (high, medium, or low) of the Positive Action program. Technical support may be provided to teachers having difficulties. These data can also be correlated with student behavior at the end of the year.
The Positive Action Unit short reports are to be completed by teachers at the end of each of the seven units of the Positive Action program (that is, about every 6 weeks). They also provide a way for the Principal, the PA Coordinator and Committee, and Positive Action, Inc. staff to identify where and how well or poorly the program is being delivered.
The Positive Action End-of-Year Teacher Process Evaluation Survey obtains teacher reports of their level of implementation of the program overall, their attitudes toward it, and their perceptions of its helpfulness in changing student behavior. The set of student behaviors are exactly the same as the set asked of students.
The Positive Action Student Process Survey should also be administered at the end of a school year in which the Positive Action program has been taught. It assesses student perceptions of amount of exposure to Positive Action lessons and activities, and student attitudes about the Positive Action program. These items, when merged with teacher ratings of student behavior or student answers to the Student Surveys, can be used to compare classrooms with high versus low levels of implementation of the program, or students with positive versus negative attitudes toward the program.
The Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) requires that State Incentive Grant evaluations include the GPRA Participant Outcome Measures for Discretionary Programs instrument. We have created a scannable version of it, which can be found here.