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The theoretical basis of Positive Action describes how the physical, intellectual, social, and emotional domains of the whole child interact with the different ecologies that child is in: school, family, and community. Those ecologies produce the way that students see themselves, how they perform academically, and how they behave.

Theory of Triadic Influence

The theory is formally articulated as the Theory of Triadic Influence (TTI). It includes seven “tiers” of “causes” of behavior that range from very proximal to distal to ultimate, and three “streams of influence” that flow through the seven “tiers”. The streams of influence are:

(1) cultural-environmental influences on knowledge and values, influencing attitudes

(2) social situation-context influences on social bonding and social learning, influencing social normative beliefs

(3) intrapersonal influences on self determination/control and social skills, leading to self-efficacy

Click here to view a browser-friendly visual representation of the theory.

TTI Technical Discussion

There are three technical articles that describe the TTI in further detail. They can be downloaded here:

Emerging Theories in Health Promotion Practice and Research
Psychological Bulletin
Medical Sociology

Logic Model

A logic model that is consistent with Positive Action, TTI and other theories is described in the following article:

International Handbook on Values Education and Student Well-Being

Click here to view a diagram of the logic model.