Alcohol Use Prevention
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Alcohol Use Prevention

Alcohol use by students remains extremely high in the U.S., with recent-use prevalence at 70 percent.[1] Of most concern are students under the age of 15 who are exposed to alcohol use; they are five times more likely to develop a dependence or abuse in adulthood. [2][3]

It’s important that prevention efforts begin at school, and researchers have identified the most effective components: School-based strategies should be comprehensive in approach and include social development, family involvement and strategies for resisting peer pressure. [4][5]

Positive Action works effectively as an alcohol use prevention program because it includes all of these components and teaches students the importance of comprehensive health. It features lessons that explicitly address the health and social consequences of alcohol use.

In addition to specific lessons on the dangers of alcohol, students learn healthful personal habits that discourage substance use and encourage a healthy lifestyle. Students receive lessons that explain how alcohol can directly affect their self-concept and how it affects the TAF Circle. Students quickly learn that alcohol use is a negative action that will produce negative feelings.

The program addresses these topics with a holistic approach that covers the health implications but also teaches students important tools to use within their social groups. Additional lesson content focuses on strategies to handle peer and social pressure to drink alcohol.

This comprehensive approach is most effective when an entire school is learning Positive Action. It’s easier for students to decline invitations to drink when a majority of the students are learning and practicing Positive Action.

The Drug Education Kits further these efforts with additional lesson material (games, stories, and role-playing) specifically designed to extend coping strategies. With this additional reinforcement, students are better prepared to deal with peer and social pressure associated with alcohol consumption.

Click here to review the alcohol use research outcomes.

Click here for an overview on attendance improvement.

References:
1. Center for Disease Control. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. 2011. http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/App/Results.aspx?TT=&OUT
2. Hingson RW, Heeren T, Winter MR. Age at Drinking Onset and Alcohol Dependence: Age at Onset, Duration, and Severity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006; 160(7):739-746. doi:10.1001/archpedi.160.7.739. http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=205204
3. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies. The NSDUH Report: Alcohol Dependence or Abuse and Age at First Use. 2004. http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/ageDependence/ageDependence.htm
4. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 May 11;(5):CD009113. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009113. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21563171
5. Lemstra M, Bennett N, Nannapaneni U, Neudorf C, Warren L, Kershaw T, Scott C. A systematic review of school-based marijuana and alcohol prevention programs targeting adolescents aged 10-15. Addiction Research and Theory 2010; 18(1): 84-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0029168/