Effective and Reliable.

Outcomes that last:

Positive Action has the strongest evidence of effectiveness of any Social and Emotional Learning program and has been the subject of three randomized-controlled trials. The data from these trials has been reviewed by multiple research authorities, including the U.S. Department of Education. The results range from extraordinary improvements in academic achievement to dramatic reductions in problem behaviors in elementary settings:

62

Reduction in violence

47

Reduction in tobacco use

51

Reduction in bullying

73

Reduction in marijuana use

28

Reduction in absenteeism

51

Improvement in math achievement

73

Reduction in suspensions

20

Improvement in reading achievement

85

Reduction in disciplinary referrals

23

Reduction in unhealthy body mass idx

46

Reduction in alcohol use

The longitudinal effects of Positive Action have also been documented. Students graduating from elementary schools with Positive Action outperformed their peers who did not attend a Positive Action elementary school, on nearly every metric. Even without the implementation of Positive Action at the middle school level, Positive Action elementary graduates continued to exhibit better behavior and perform better on academic achievement tests:

70

Reduction in violence-related incidents

20

Improvement in math achievement

71

Reduction in drug, alcohol and tobacco

16

Improvement in reading achievement

75

Reduction in truancy

These effects continued beyond middle school and into high school and beyond:

15

Improvement in academic achievement

49

Reduction in drug, alcohol and tobacco

37

Reduction in droupout rates

38

Academic pursuits after high school

25

Reduction in suspensions

18

Being employed after highschool

50

Reduction in violence

These results have been replicated and analyzed by a variety of scientists. Researchers also learned how important training and implementation fidelity is for success. They found a direct correlation between the amount of training and the number of lessons taught. This correlation continued as the number of lessons taught increased the effect size of the outcomes.

More Training

More Lessons Taught

Greater the Outcomes

Researchers have theorized that the durability of these effects is directly related to the approach of Positive Action. Many behavior programs and systems rely on a system of extrinsic rewards, where certain behaviors are rewarded with a prize or some other incentive. Positive Action promotes intrinsic motivation in students, where their innate desire to achieve their goals and aspirations is fomented in a systematic way. Psychologists have long understood the advantages of intrinsic motivation over extrinsic motivation but very few studies have been able to observe this dynamic in a trial setting. Positive Action’s longitudinal research is a testament to the reliability of intrinsic motivation.

The process of self-improvement is a lifelong goal and Positive Action provides students with the skills, vocabulary and opportunities to practice setting attainable goals and reaching them in an incremental fashion. Through this process, students will discover who they are and what they want to achieve. And along the way, they will become better students, better siblings, and eventually better adults and citizens.

Positive Action challenges students to think about themselves and those around them. It challenges teachers to think about themselves and how they manage their classrooms and teach their students. It challenges parents to consider the bonds that bind their family together. It challenges communities to organize behind a unified goal of making their community a welcoming place for all. There is no shortcut to achieving these goals. To define, address and confront these challenges is how Positive Action achieves effects that stand the test of time.

To learn more about Positive Action’s research, please visit positiveaction.net/research

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