Positive Youth Development Requires Comprehensive Health Promotion Programs
Objective: Explore relationships among problem and positive youth behaviors, commonalities among their predictors, and implications for prevention.
Methods: Review etiology and prevention literatures.
Results: Risky/unhealthy/antisocial behaviors, poor mental health, and poor academic achievement are highly prevalent and pose critical dilemmas for parents and educators. All behaviors are highly correlated with, and predict, each other, have many of the same risk and protective factors, and strongly influence success and happiness in life. Some examples of comprehensive programs with positive results in multiple domains are provided.
Conclusion: We need to prevent problem behaviors and promote positive behaviors with comprehensive, coherent, and integrated approaches.